The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) released its report, Hate Violence Against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and HIV-Affected Communities in the United States in 2011 on Thursday, and the statistic that jumped out is the rise in anti-LGBT murders, up 11%.
The report is a result of data collected from 16 anti-violence programs in 16 states across the country including: Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Texas, and Vermont. Some of the findings:
- In 2011, NCAVP documented 30 anti-LGBTQH murders, the highest yearly total ever recorded by the coalition. This is an 11% increase from the 27 people murdered in 2010. This high murder rate continues a multi-year trend of increases in anti-LGBTQHmurders over the past three years of reporting.
- 87% of the 30 reported hate murder victims in 2011 were LGBTQH people of color. For a second year in a row, this reflects a disproportionate targeting of people of color for severe and deadly violence and is an increase over 2010 where 70% of the 27 reported hate murder victims were LGBTQH people of color.
- Transgender women made up 40% of the 30 reported hate murders in 2011, while representing only 10% of total hate violence survivors and victims. This was comparable to last year’s report where transgender women made up 44% of the 27 reported hate murders, reflecting a two-year trend toward disproportanate and severeviolence faced by transgender women.
- Youth and young adults between the ages of 18 and 30 years old were 2.41 times as likely to experience physical violence compared to LGBTQH people age 30 and older.
“Murders of LGBTQ people have increased over the last three years, indicating a pattern of escalating violence against LGBTQ and HIV-affected people,” said Jake Finney from the L.A. Gay & Lesbian Community Center in Los Angeles, California. “Those most at risk for murder are transgender and gender non-conforming people, people of color, and gay men.”
The severity of the violence was worst against transgender women, people of color, and youth and young adults reporting.
LGBTQH people of color represented 87% of the murders with Black people representing 47% of hate violence murders, Latinos/as representing 33% of murders, and Asians representing 7% of murders. LGBTQH people of color only represented 49% of overall reports highlighting the disproportionate impact of severe violence on these communities, a trend that NCAVP has been specifically documenting over the past 3 years. In terms of gender identity non-transgender men represented 50% of murder victims, transgender women represented 40% of murder victims, non-transgender women represented 7% of murder victims, and gender non-conforming people represented 3% of murder victims. Transgender women were also disproportionately impacted by murder, only representing 10% of total hate violence survivors and victims. Non-transgender men represented 50% of total reports therefore the murder number of non-transgender men does not show a disproportionate impact of hate violence murders on this community. This statistic does highlight a critical need to create strategies to prevent violence against and support LGBTQH identified men who are hate violence survivors.
The report also listed policy recommendations to bring these numbers down in the future:
- Increase funding for LGBTQH anti-violence support and prevention.
- End police profiling and police violence against LGBTQH communities.
- End the root causes of anti-LGBTQH violence by reducing poverty against LGBTQHcommunities and systemic homophobic, biphobic, and transphobic discrimination in laws, policies, employment, public services, and education.
- End the homophobic, transphobic, and biphobic culture that fuels hate violence.
- Collect data and expand research on LGBTQH communities particularly data and research on LGBTQH communities’ experiences of violence.